Clarification of speech
2 1/2 - 6 years and onwards
A book of poetry although it is not needed
A book of rhymes or jingles, although it is not needed.
Dramas should be a topic they understand or know well, such as home, school or a holiday.
When telling a drama to small children, remember to keep it very simple.
Some stories can be dramatized to be turned into a drama.
When Alex woke up this morning, he was so happy because today was his birthday! He had waited for this day for a very long time and today was going to be the very best day. His mommy was going to make him his favorite cake and his daddy was going to bring him to the park. His grandmother was going to teach him how to ride a bike and his grandfather was going to show him how to make a paper plane.
The book corner is a place where the child can go to read a good book or to look at the pictures in a book. The book corner is meant to be a place of enjoyment for the child, a place where the child feels warm and good. The book corner, in the Montessori classroom, is a very special place.
The materials needed to create a book corner make this place even more special. The floor mat adds a homey feel while the lamplight sheds a soft but direct light onto the books being read. The two chairs limit the number of children who can be in the book corner at a given time, which guarantees the book corner remain a calm and peaceful area. The shelves should have four horizontal shelves with ledges at different heights.
The books with the least amount of text should be on the bottom ledge. Books should move up depending on the amount of text. This allows the youngest children to have easy access to the books with less text and more pictures. The books themselves should be high in quality of content and of structure. Books that are not hard cover books should be laminated to increase the book's durability. The paper in the books should also be of good quality, as the books that will be most loved by the children will have its pages turned frequently. The text inside these books needs to be of a clearly legible size. The content of all of the books needs to present the child with reality, whether true or fiction. The information given needs to be correct, it needs to be about ordinary people, but ranging in topics. Good stories can bring the child to the worlds of yesterday, to the people and places of far off places, and can bring the child to discover a great many things in this world. The directress needs to keep the book corner interesting and must therefore change the books frequently.
Reading and the enjoyment that comes from reading and from books should begin at home. The role of the Montessori book corner is to extend and to deepen this feeling.
Sharing news is a good way to express oneself and it is an important moment for the child. Giving news can be done one-on-one with the child, in small groups, or even with the whole class. Whether the news is big or small, to the child, it is still news. When a child comes into the classroom and rushes up to you to give you some personal news, it is important for the directress to listen to the child immediately and not to postpone it.
The child can then repeat his news during News Time if he wishes to do so in front of the class. The directress may want to begin the school year by giving examples of how to give news by giving her own news to the class. This can serve as a reminder for the older children and as a guide for the younger children.
The directress may need or want to continually give her own pieces of news throughout the whole year. For the younger children, it is important to give guidance by asking open-ended questions and to help them to be more descriptive. The other children may also help by asking their own questions. The older children can also act as a guide for the younger children and often, they can serve as inspiration for sharing news. Some children may need help in stopping, some may need help speaking more slowly, and some my need help is speaking in an audible voice.
“ I have some news to tell everyone. I want to tell you about our school party. It will be this Friday and all of your parents are invited to come. We will have different vegetables and juice to share with our parents. Our parents will also be able to see our classroom if they would like. It is going to be a lot of fun.”
An event board
The Events Chart is a tack board with pictures and labels to show as and present events in the classroom or in the city. There are two sections of the board: Past and Present. The board is useful for birthdays and for events going on in town that the children might go to with their parents. These “events” should be placed on the board with the children so you can talk about the events with them.
“ Today we have a new event to put up on our Events Chart. But first, let us look at what we do have on the Events Chart. Well yesterday was George’s birthday. Did you have a nice birthday George? Good, I’m glad you did. Your birthday was yesterday, so let us put your name and the cake is the PAST, because your birthday was yesterday.” (Place his name and cake in the “past” section of the chart.)
“ Today we have a new event to put up! Well, this piece of paper says that there is a special event happening at the National Gallery. It says that there is a children’s art show showing wonderful pieces of art, just for you! This sounds like a wonderful event to put on the Events Chart. (Tack it on the “present” section of the chart.) Now you can ask your mommies and daddies if they would like to take you to this event. I am going to leave the Event Chart right here for all of you to look at when ever you would like.”
A conversation occurs naturally between two or more people in the real world, and this is how it should occur in the Montessori classroom. A child should feel free to talk with other students as well as with the adults. To open the communication airwaves, it is important the directress make sure she has daily conversations with each child. This not only forms a bond between the directress and the child, but the directress can learn a lot about a child’s attitude or feelings on a given day.
Question Games are fun games to help the child think “outside of the box”. It forces the child to think about a question and to find not only the basic answer to a question, but to go deeper in their thinking to answer the ongoing questions.
If the child had peanut butter for lunch:
Grammar games are a fun way of informally introducing the child to the different parts of speech. The child comes to see that different things fall into different groups of words.
In this lesson, children are asked to do different actions such as walk, clap, or skip. Then the directress is to ask the child to do an object. This will help the child realize that the other words were action words (verbs) and that some words cannot be an action.
Directress: We are going to have some fun. I’m going to tell you each to do something. Lets begin. Poppy, please skip.
Etc... The directress would then through in a few more nouns and repeat that these are objects and not actions.
For this lesson, the directress will be introducing adjectives. To do so, choose objects in the room that have multiples such as tables or chairs. Include movement in the lesson to keep the child attention. For example, you can ask a child to go and stand next to the blue table. Or the child can be asked to sit on the red chair, or pick up the yellow jug, etc.
For this lesson, the directress will be introducing prepositions and showing the child the importance of them. For example, you can ask all the children to stretch out their hand in front of them. Then ask them to place their hand over their heads. Then place their hand under their leg. Then place their hand next to their neighbor, etc. Emphasis can be added by then asking the children where their hands are, to which the response should be the used preposition.
This game is used to emphasis and to get the children to begin thinking about the different parts of speech. This is to be informally done when the occasion arises. For example, if a child is pouring everyone a drink during snack time the children can be asked the following questions: